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University of the Philippines, Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (1978)

University of the Philippines, Bachelor of Law (1983)

Harvard University, Master of Laws (1986)

Harvard University, Doctor of Juridical Science (1990)


Professor Pangalangan specializes in Public International Law and Constitutional Law. In 2015, he was elected Judge at the International Criminal Court (ICC), The Hague, The Netherlands. He is currently President of the Trial Division and Presiding Judge of one of the Trial Chambers.

Professor Pangalangan received his A.B. cum laude (1978) and LL.B. (1983) from the University of the Philippines, and his LL.M. (1986) and S.J.D. (1990) from the Harvard Law School, where he won the Laylin Prize for best paper in public international law for his LL.M. thesis and the Sumner Prize for best thesis on issues relating to international peace for his S.J.D. dissertation. He received the Diploma of The Hague Academy of International Law in 1987.

He taught Public International Law at the Harvard Law School as Visiting Professor in 1998 and 2007. At The Hague Academy of International Law, he served as Director of Studies in 2000 and lectured on Disputed Islands in the South China Sea and Southeast Asia in 2008. He taught Comparative Asian Constitutionalisms at Melbourne University (Spring 2009 and Fall 2005) and Hong Kong University/Duke University (2008).

He has lectured inter alia at the Irish Centre for Human Rights (2003); Japan Society of International Law (2002); Thessaloniki Institute of International Public Law (2001); Salzburg Seminar on International Criminal Law, Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law (2007 and 2018); the International Nuremberg Principles Academy (2017); and the Siracusa International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights (2018); and the International Committee of the Red Cross. He sits in the governing council of the Asian Society of International Law.

He has argued before the Philippine Supreme Court as counsel or amicus leading constitutional and international law cases. He has sat on various Supreme Court committees, e.g., to revise the rules on recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, on legal education and on bar examination reform, and also teaches in the Philippine Judicial Academy, the official training institute for all judges.

At the ICC, he was Presiding Judge in the very first ICC case on the war crime of attacking cultural heritage, likewise the first ICC case involving a plea of guilt. He was a Philippine Delegate and sat in the Drafting Committee for the Rome Statute of the ICC. Until he joined the ICC, he chaired the Bantay Katarungan (Sentinels of Justice), a lawyers’ organization to strengthen the rule of law, and was the publisher of the Philippine Daily Inquirer, the nation’s most popular newspaper, in which he also wrote an Op-Ed column.


Constitutional Law


Author, LIBEL AS POLITICS (2008).





Author, The Philippines’ post-Marcos Judiciary: The Institutional Turn in a Populist Democracy, In ASIAN COURTS IN CONTEXT (Jiunn-rong Yeh & Wen-Chen Chang, eds., 2015).

Author, Philippine Constitutional Law 2001-2010: Republican Institutions and Populist Politics, In CONSTITUTIONALISM IN ASIA IN THE EARLY TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY (Albert Chen, ed., 2014).

Author, The Domestic Implementation of the International Right to Health: The Philippine Experience, In ADVANCING THE HUMAN RIGHT TO HEALTH (Jose Zuniga, Stephen Marks, & Lawrence Gostin, eds., 2013).

Author, Impeachment and Popular Constitutionalism: The Surprising Decline of Judicial Power, J. Integ. Bar Phil. Special Issue on Impeachment at 45-68 (2012).

Author, Human Rights Discourse in post-Marcos Philippines: From Substance to Procedure, In HUMAN RIGHTS IN ASIA (Brian Galligan & Thomas Davis, eds., 2011).

Author, Political Emergencies in the Philippines: Changing Labels and the Unchanging Need for Legitimacy, In EMERGENCY POWERS IN ASIA: EXPLORING THE LIMITS OF LEGALITY (Victor Ramraj & Arun Thiruvengadam eds., 2010).

Author, The Philippines’ Sandiganbayan: Anti-graft courts and the illusion of self-contained anti-corruption regimes, In NEW COURTS IN ASIA (Andrew Harding & Penelope Nicholson eds., 2010).

Author, Government by Judiciary in the Philippines: Ideological and Doctrinal Framework, in ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND GOVERNANCE IN ASIA: COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES (Tom Ginsburg & Albert Chen, eds., 2008).

Author, Constitutionalizing Redistributive Justice and Redefining the Public Sphere: the Philippines’ Post-Marcos Constitution, In ASIAN CONSTITUTIONALISM IN TRANSITION: A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE (Tania Groppi, Valeria Piergigli & Angelo Rinella, eds., 2008).

Author, L’autonomia Locale Nelle Filippine: Alcuni Problemi, In MUNICIPI D’ORIENTE: IL GOVERNO LOCALE IN EUROPA ORIENTALE, ASIA E AUSTRALIA (Francesco Biagi trans., 2008).

Author, Transplanted Constitutionalism: The Philippine Debate on the Secular State and the Rule of Law, 82 Phil. L. J. 1 (2008), reprinted in Public Law in East Asia (Albert Chen & Tom Ginsburg, eds., 2013).

Author, Chief Justice Hilario G. Davide Jr.: A Study in Judicial Philosophy, Transformative Politics and Judicial Activism, 80 Phil. L. J. 538 (2006).

Author, The Philippines: The Persistence of Rights Discourse vis-à-vis Substantive Social Claims, in HUMAN RIGHTS IN ASIA: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL STUDY OF TWELVE ASIAN JURISDICTIONS, FRANCE AND THE USA (Randall Peerenboom & Albert Chen eds., 2006).

Author, The Philippine “People Power” Constitution and the Limits of Liberal Constitutionalism, in ASIAN DISCOURSES OF RULE OF LAW: THEORIES AND IMPLEMENTATION OF RULE OF LAW IN TWELVE ASIAN COUNTRIES, WITH COMPARISON WITH FRANCE AND THE U.S. (Randall Peerenboom ed., 2004).

Author, Amicus Brief: Constitutionality of Impeachment Charges Against the Chief Justice, 78 Phil. L. J. 201 (2003).

Author, Law and Economic Choice in Philippine Constitutional Law, in LAW, DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHANGES IN ASIA (Naoyuki Sakumoto, Masayuki Kobayashi & Shinya Imaizumi, eds., 2003).

Author, Why a Philippine Human Rights Commission? Its Place in a Constitutional Order – An Inquiry into the Power and Limits of Liberal Constitutionalism, Perspectives of Constitutionalism in Asia – International Symposium on Constitutionalism in Asia and Oceania (Akira Osuka, ed., 2003).

Author, Property as a “Bundle of Rights”: Redistributive Takings and the Social Justice Clause, 71 Phil. L. J. 141 (1997).

Author, Republicanism and Its Political Seasons: The Javellana, Freedom Constitution and PIRMA Cases, 72 Phil. L. J. 195 (1997).



In Public International Law


Author, Judicialized Governance and Populist Democracy: Majoritarian Adjudication in the Philippines and Selected Asian Countries, Public Policy Volumes XII & XIII at 1-20 (2015).

Author, The Domestic Implementation of the International Right to Health: The Philippine Experience, In ADVANCING THE HUMAN RIGHTS TO HEALTH  (Jose Zuniga, Stephen Marks, & Lawrence Gostin, eds., 2013).

Author, Constraints on Judicial Review of Managerial Discretion: Substantive and Procedural, In PROBLEMS OF INTERNATIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE LAW (Nassib Ziadé, ed., 2008).

Author, Article 24: Non-Retroactivity Ratione Personae, In COMMENTARY ON THE ROME STATUTE OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT: OBSERVERS’ NOTES (Otto Trifterer, ed.) (Verlag C.H. Beck and Hart Publishing, 2nd ed., 2008) at 735 (also Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1st ed., 1999).

Author, Sweatshops and International Labor Standards: Globalizing Markets, Localizing Norms, In GLOBALIZATION AND HUMAN RIGHTS (Alison Brysk, ed., 2002).

Author, Territorial Sovereignty: Command, Title and the Expanding Claims of the Commons, in BOUNDARIES AND JUSTICE: DIVERSE ETHICAL PERSPECTIVES (David Miller & Sohail Hashmi, eds., 2001).

Co-Author, Pushing Back the Limitations of Territorial Boundaries, 12  Eur. J. Int’l L. 867(2001).

Author, The Asian Development Bank Administrative Tribunal: Constitutive Instruments and Case-Law, 7 Asian Y.B. of Int’l L. at 209-228 (2001).


Constitutional Law

Contemporary Constitutional Law Problems

Public International Law

Legal Method

Legal Theory

Supervised Legal Research

Human Rights

Problems in Philosophy of Law

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